In Life as Politics, Asef Bayat argues that such presumptions fail to recognize the routine, yet important, ways in which ordinary people make meaningful change. Asef Bayat is the Catherine & Bruce Bastian Professor of Global and Transnational Studies, and Professor of Sociology and Middle East at the. Asef Bayat talks about revolutions and revolutionary ideas, the place of ordinary people in social transformation, and what we can learn from.

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Revolution without Revolutionaries: Making Sense of the Arab Spring | Asef Bayat

In other words, the question was how to wrest power from the incumbent regimes, with what means and resources? Armas de fuego y uso de la fuerza letal en Argentina. Picture by Mosa’ab Elshamy, As I argue in the book, neoliberalism has the effect of both creating dissent among the ordinary people, because it generates deprivation, exclusion and inequalities; but it also has had the effect of de-radicalizing the political class, meaning that it presents itself as a way of life for which there is no alternative.

This page was last edited on 16 Juneat From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. But most power holders continue to rely on ideology. They would take over the governmental power and institute new governing structures, new social institutions and relations in society.

The revolutions of the s obviously were happening at the time when the Cold War was at its height, so the world was divided between the Soviet Union and its allies, the socialist world, on one hand, and then the capitalist world on the other.

They even marketize revolutions. The idea, the ideal and the memory of Revolution need to be maintained.


Transformation Where love meets social justice. In contrast to the ideological times of the s, the Arab Spring came to fruition in some kind of post-ideological interval; this was the aftermath of when the anti-communist revolutions in Eastern Europe were to mark the very end of oppositional ideology per se.

It is difficult to say. The activists of the Arab Spring separated in some way the realm of the polity from the realm of the economy, as if they were two separate spheres.

Therefore, any changes that should happen, happen within a context of this regime of power and its discourse. This language is often used to hide the ruling class linkages with social batat, economic deprivation, terrible inequality, and the regime of property. We should treat it as an unfinished project that may have openings for the future.

In Revolution without Revolutionarieshe deftly and sympathetically employs his own observations of Iran, immediately before and after the revolution, to reflect on the epochal shifts that have re-worked the political regimes, economic structures, and revolutionary imaginaries across the region today.

On the other hand, however, precisely because of this the forces of counter-revolution would have better chance to engage in acts of sabotage and to regroup to restore old order.

Asef Bayat

Drugs threaten to overwhelm Maghreb youth. So, yes, ordinary people do play a crucial role in revolutionary struggles.

Then, you had a third world which Iran and Nicaragua were part of. In addition to ongoing protests, millions of people across the Middle East are effecting transformation through the discovery and creation of new social spaces within which to make their claims heard.

Dr. Asef Bayat

The Nicaraguan revolution had an intellectual component informed by democratic socialism and the vision of Sandino. Do you think that meaningful change is possible in our current world order, dominated by post-modern and post-ideological thought?


So, I would not be depressed, despite the fact that the political bauat right now is really depressing, and this is the case globally. The book would be of great value to scholars interested in assf, social movements, graduate students, and researchers of the Middle East politics.

Dr. Asef Bayat | Sociology at Illinois

How did they propose to implement social justice, or was it based on lip service, something that came out of a reaction to the terrible inequalities and deprivations that the economic neoliberalism has unleashed on the ordinary people?

He contests the conventional wisdom in the sociology of revolution that tends to tie revolution to a set of extraordinary sociopolitical events. Of course, they had the street power, the popular will, and that is important. That is the challenge. By tracing the contours and illuminating the meaning of the uprisings, Bayat gives us the book needed to explain and understand our post—Arab Spring world. This means that we had a revolutionary movement that came to compel the existing state to reform itself on behalf of the revolution.

But revolution in terms of change, and in terms of having a vision about change, and about how to rest power from the incumbents, that to me was quite lacking.