AWAN CAST HISTORY IN URDU PDF

Awan a South Asian Zamindar tribe, putatively of Arab origin, living The Ferozsons Urdu-English Dictionary lists the Awans as a tribe whose name is of Arabic.

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Tracts in regions such as Jhelum and Mianwali are so heavily populated by Awans that they have long been referred to as “Awankari”. As a dominant tribe the eastern limits of their position coincide approximately with the western border of the Chakwal and Pind Dadan Khan tahsils, but they have also spread eastwards cxst the foot of the hills as far as the Sutlej, and southwards down that river valley into Multan and Jhang.

The Awans subscribe to the belief that they are the descendants of the fourth Caliph, Ali though the bulk of those belonging to the tribe are not Shiasand as such, a number adopt the title, Alvi — particularly those who migrated from East Punjab to Pakistan – although not all of those who refer to themselves as Alvi are Awans.

In Gujrat they only marry inter se, refusing to give daughters even to the Chibbs ib, and not inter- marrying with the Khokhars. The Awan deserve close attention, because of their historical importance and, above all, because they settled i the west, right up to the edge of Baluchi and Pashtun histort. People of the Awan community have a strong presence in the Pakistani Army [1] [ need quotation to verify ] and have a strong martial tradition.

They often carry titles typical to Punjabis [6] who own tracts of ancestral land. They formerly held all the plain country at the foot of the western Salt Range, but have been gradually driven up into the hills by Pathans advancing from the Indus, and Tiwanas from the Jhelum.

Other theories have been adduced by the Awans regarding their origins, but most of these hypotheses also point to the tribe being descended from Qutb Shah, who entered the Indian Subcontinent as part of a military campaign and traced his bloodline to Ali. There are no threads for this page. Its population is concentrated in the districts of RawalpindiAttockChakwalJhelumSargodhaKhushab particularly the Soon ValleyMianwali ] Awan tribes residing here are believed to have been the sole occupants of the Mianwali Salt Range for nearly six hundred yearsGujranwalaHafizabadGujratAwnaNarowaland Layyah and is also scattered throughout the rest of Punjab.

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Awan (tribe)

The Military, Government and Society in Colonial Punjab, The Pakistani hitory has always heavily recruited Awans and as is consistent with the past, the tribe continues to produce a considerable number of recruits who occupy many of the senior-most ranks of the Pakistani Army.

Qutab Shah claimed descent from the fourth caliph Ali through his second wife. Its population is concentrated in the districts of Rawalpindi, Attock, Chakwal, Jhelum, Sargodha, Bahawalpur, Khushab particularly the Soon ValleyMianwali Awan tribes residing here believed to have been the sole occupants of the Mianwali Salt Range for qwan six hundred yearsGujranwala, Hafizabad, Gujrat, Sialkot, Narowal, and Layyah and also scattered throughout the rest of Punjab to where the Awans kept migrating as the hilly areas that they were originally settled in did not provide much employment opportunitiesexcept for joining the Army.

The bulk of the Awan tribe to be found in the Punjab province of Pakistan.

Awan – Jatland Wiki

The findings of the geneticist, S. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Naheed Qasimi Writer and literary critic. Chauhan who colonised the hills near the Indus 5: Retrieved from ” http: As claiming descent from Qutb Shah the Awans are often called Qutb-shahi, and sometimes style themselves Ulami. Though the origins of the Bistory may be a matter of some debate, it has long been recognised that the composition of the tribe is wholly Muslim. Dilip Kumar’s 92nd birthday celebrated in the city – The Express Tribune”. They often carry titles typical to Punjabis who own tracts of ancestral land such as Malik, Chaudhry and Khan.

Few of these look histtory Muhammadan patronymics.

Awan (tribe) – Wikipedia

But in the best available account of the tribe 4 the Awans are indeed said to be of Arabian origin and descendants of Qutb Shahbut he is said to have ruled Herat and to have joined Mahmud of Ghazni when he invaded India.

The female version of Malik is Malikah Arabic: He also considers the Awans to be of Arabian origin and traces their lineage to Ali, but according to him, Abdullah Rasul Mirza was the remote ancestor of the Awans; in the eighth century, he was made a commander of the army of Ghaur by Caliph Harun al-Rashid, the title of Awan being conferred upon him, and his descendants consequently being called Awans.

Historians describe them as valiant warriors and farmers who imposed their supremacy on the Janjua in part of the Salt Range, and established large colonies all along the Indus to Sind, and a densely populated centre not far from Lahore. Malik is the honorary title of the Awan clan. But in Gujrat the Khurara clan comprises 21 sub-divisions, including such names as Jalap and Bhakri: The independent possessions of the Awans in the Salt Range were once very considerable, and in its western and central portion they are still the dominant race.

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According to Sir Malcolm Darling, the Awans are the: Other theories have been adduced by the Awans regarding their origins, but most of these hypotheses also point to the tribe being descended from Awon Qutab Shah, who entered the Indian subcontinent as part of a military campaign and traced his bloodline to Ali R A. Thus in Sialkot 1the Awans are said to be divided into 24 muhins. These four clans are again divided into numerous septs, often bearing eponymous names, hut sometimes the names of GujarJat and other tribal septs appear.

Contemporary historians, namely Professor Ian Talbot and Professor Tan Tai Yong, have authored works that cite the Awans amongst other tribes as being looked upon as a martial race by not only the British, but neighboring tribes as well. Amongst such names are those of H. The modern surname system often results in members of the same family with different surnames, some choosing their position as a surname i.

Awan soldier in uniform. Like the KassarsJanjuas and Khokharsbut unlike the Ghakkarsthe Awans have the institution of sirdariwhereby the eldest son of a chief gets an extra share.

Malik Fazal Dad Khan has supported this theory but with some modifications. It is asserted that Qutb Shah and six of his sons accompanied and assisted Mahmud in his early eleventh century conquests of what today forms parts of AfghanistanPakistan and Northern India.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Whereas Ahmad Hasan Dani claimed that the Awans were, in fact, indigenous to Northern Punjab, and might well be the ancient Abanii mentioned by Greek and Roman travelers and historians.