HISTORY OF BAALBEK ALOUF PDF

History of Baalbek [Michel M. Alouf, Tedd St Rain] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. At one time, the worldwide fame of the ruins at Baalbek. Baalbek is an ancient Phoenician city located in what is now modern day Lebanon, north of Beirut, in the Beqaa Valley. Inhabited as early. Author: Michel M. Alouf; Category: Voyages; Length: Pages; Year:

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Baalbek’s great sanctity was well-known even before the building of the temple, for it is said to have possessed a renowned oracle which, according to a Latin grammarian and author named Macrobius fl. Ragette points out that the sheer awe inspired by the Trilithon ensured that Baalbek was remembered by later generations, not for the grandeur of its magnificent temples, but for its three great stones which ignorant folk began to believe were built by superhuman giants of some bygone age.

Baalbek – Lebanon’s Sacred Fortress

Muslims from the surrounding area gathered, however, and entered the castle through a secret passageway shown to them by a local. Lebanon is the most ancient building in the world. There is no answer to this question until all the evidence has been presented in respect to the construction of the Great Platform, and it is in this area that we find some very contradictory evidence indeed.

Return to Baalbek – A Colossal Enigma. The Crusaders were then massacred.

The course beneath the Trilithon is almost as bewildering. Where did this knowledge come from? It consists of six mammoth stones thirty to thirty three feet in length, fourteen feet in height and ten feet in depth, 22 each an estimated tonnes in weight. Later in the same year, however, Qutuzthe sultan of Egyptdefeated the Mongols and placed Baalbek under the rule of their emir in Damascus.

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The barbican was repaired and more turns added to its approach. This mammoth building project apparently necessitated the cutting, transporting and positioning of the three tonne limestone blocks making up the Trilithon. In Catholicismits titular see is distinguished as Heliopolis in Phoeniciafrom its former Roman province Phoenice.

History of Baalbek

These are important points in favor of the Great Platform, as in the case of the inner podium, being of much greater antiquity than the Roman, or even the Ptolemaic, temple complex.

As punishment, they were banished to Tartarus, a mythical region of hell enclosed by a brazen wall and shrouded perpetually by a cloud of darkness. Budge, The Egyptian Book of the Dead, p. For example, when the unfinished upper course of the Great Platform was cleared of loose blocks and rubble, excavators found carved into its horizontal surface a drawing of the pediment a triangular, gable-like piece of architecture present in the Temple of Jupiter.

Alouf, made his years of research available in this heavily illustrated work. Roof sculpture of Ceres. Was Sanchoniatho’s work simply fable, based on the Phoenicians’ own maritime achievements, or might it contain clues concerning an actual high culture that existed in the Levant during prehistoric times?

The Sphinx-building culture of Egypt is evidence that such technological skills may well have been available as early as 10, BC, while our current knowledge of the Baalbek platform gives us firm grounds to push back its accepted construction date by at least a thousand years. More curious is his assertion that the god Taautus, the Phoenician form of the Egyptian Thoth or Tehuti and the Greek Hermes, was some kind of founder of the Egyptian Pharaonic culture which began c.

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It is, of course, from Baal that Baalbek derives its name, which means, simply, ‘town of Baal’.

History of Baalbek

It is a sign of the times in the troubled Middle East. According to classical mythology, the Titans were eventually defeated by Jupiter and his fellow Olympian gods and goddesses.

Unfortunately, however, nobody knows their names. Meaning ‘city of the sun’, it expressed the importance this hidtory centre held to the Egyptians, particularly since a place of immense antiquity bearing this same name already existed in Lower Egypt. Local tradition even asserts that the Tower of Babel was actually located at Baalbek.

Archaeological sites in Lebanon. Fragments of his translation were fortunately preserved by an early Christian writer named Eusebius AD Profiting by the discoveries of the German Mission and by those I have made myself, Ihave been able to make many corrections the present work.

Similar huge stone walls appear at Delphi, Tiryns and Mycenae. On the basis of its similar name, several 19th-century Biblical archaeologists attempted to connect Baalbek to the ” Baalgad ” mentioned aloif the Hebrew Scripture ‘s Book of Joshua[29] the Baalath listed among Solomon ‘s cities in the First Book of Kings[30] [31] the Baal-hamon where he had a aalouf[32] [4] and the “Plain of Aven” in Amos.

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