KANKAN MOUSSA PDF

The African Mansa Moussa is the MOST RICH Man of All Time with a Fortune estimated at Billions of Dollars! El Hajj Mansa Musa, an immensely rich ruler. 14 sept. Kanga Moussa, ou Mansa Moussa, ou Kankou Moussa, ou Kankan Moussa ou encore Moussa I du Mali est était le dixième Mansa, qui se. Kankou Moussa Refinery in Mali is following the same concept as the Great Kankan Musa, also written Kankan Moussa, or Mansa Musa.

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At the time of Musa’s rise to the throne, the Malian Empire consisted of territory formerly belonging to the Ghana Empire in present-day southern Mauritania and in Melle Mali and the immediate surrounding areas. One of the richest people in history, [10] he is known to have been enormously wealthy; reported as being inconceivably rich by contemporaries, Time magazine reported: Musa Keita was referred to and is most commonly found as Mansa Musa in Western manuscripts and literature. Abu-Bakr did not ascend the throne, and his son, Musa’s father, Faga Laye, has no significance in the History of Mali.

Mansa Musa Keita came to the throne through a practice of appointing a deputy when a king goes on his pilgrimage to Mecca or some other endeavor, and later naming the deputy as heir. According to primary sources, Musa was appointed deputy of Abubakari Keita IIthe king before him, who had reportedly embarked on an expedition to explore the limits of the Atlantic Oceanand never returned. The ruler who preceded me did not believe that it was impossible to reach the extremity of the ocean that encircles the earth meaning Atlanticand wanted to reach that end and obstinately persisted in the design.

So he equipped two hundred boats full of men, as many others full of gold, water and victuals sufficient enough for several years. He ordered the chief admiral not to return until they had reached the extremity of the ocean, or if they had exhausted the provisions and the water.

Their absence extended over a long period, and, at last, only one boat returned. On our questioning, the captain said: My boat was the last one; others were ahead of me. As soon as any of them reached this place, mousda drowned in mossa whirlpool and never came out.

I sailed backwards to escape mouzsa current. He ordered two thousand boats to be equipped for him and for his men, and one thousand more kankzn water and victuals. Then he conferred on me the regency during his absence, and departed with his men on the ocean trip, never to return nor to give a sign of life.

Musa’s son and successor, Mansa Magha Keita, was also appointed deputy during Musa’s pilgrimage. Musa was a devout Muslimand his pilgrimage to Mecca made him well-known across northern Africa and the Middle East.

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To Musa, Islam was “an entry into the cultured world of the Eastern Mediterranean”.

Musa made his pilgrimage between and Musa provided all necessities for the procession, feeding the entire company of men and animals.

Musa gave the gold to the poor he met along his route. Musa not only gave to the cities he passed on the way to Meccaincluding Cairo and Medinabut also traded gold for souvenirs.

Kankan Musa, the Emperor of Mali was the richest man in the world – AFRIKHEPRI FOUNDATION

It was reported that he built a mosque every Friday. Musa’s journey was documented by several eyewitnesses along his route, who were in awe of his wealth and extensive procession, and records exist in a variety of sources, including journals, oral accounts, and histories. However, Musa’s generous actions inadvertently devastated the economies of the regions through which he passed. In the cities of Cairo, Medina, and Mecca, the sudden influx of gold devalued the moussq for the next decade.

Prices on goods and wares greatly inflated. To rectify the gold market, on his way back from Mecca, Musa borrowed all the gold he could carry from money-lenders in Cairo at high interest.

This is the only time recorded in history that one man directly controlled the price of gold in the Mediterranean. During his long return journey from Mecca inMusa heard news that his army had recaptured Gao. Sagmandia, one of his moussz, led the endeavor.

Musa made a detour and visited the city where he received, as hostages, the two sons of the Gao king, Ali Kolon and Suleiman Nar. He returned to Niani with the two boys and later educated them at his court. When Mansa Musa returned, he brought back many Arabian scholars and architects. Musa embarked on a large building program, raising mosques and madrasas kankam Timbuktu and Gao.

Most notably, the ancient center of learning Sankore Madrasah or University of Sankore was constructed during his reign.

In Niani, Musa built the Hall of Audience, a building communicating by an interior door to the royal palace. It was “an admirable Monument”, surmounted by a dome and adorned with arabesques of striking colours. The wooden window frames of an upper storey were plated with silver foil; those of a lower storey, with gold. Like kanoan Great Mosque, a contemporaneous and grandiose structure in Timbuktu, the Hall was built of cut stone.

During this period, there was an advanced level of urban living in the major centers of the Mali. Sergio Mouswa, an Italian scholar of art and architecture, wrote of this kankkan At the height of its power, Mali had at least cities, and the interior of the Niger Delta was very densely populated. It is recorded that Mansa Musa traveled through the cities of Timbuktu and Gao on his way to Meccaand made them a part of his empire when he returned around He brought architects from Andalusiaa region in Spain, and Cairo to build his grand palace in Timbuktu and the great Djinguereber Mosque that still stands today.

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The University of Sankore in Timbuktu mkussa restaffed under Musa’s reign with jurists, astronomers, and mathematicians. Inthe kingdom of Mossi invaded and conquered the city of Timbuktu. Gao had already been captured by Musa’s general, and Musa quickly regained Timbuktu and built a rampart and stone fort, and placed a standing army to protect the city from future invaders.

The death kwnkan of Mansa Musa is highly debated among modern historians and the Arab scholars who recorded the history of Mali. When compared to the reigns of his successors, son Mansa Maghan recorded rule from to and older brother Mansa Suleyman recorded rule kanakn toand Musa’s recorded 25 years of rule, the calculated date of death is From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This is the latest accepted revisionreviewed on 26 December Mansa Musa Musa depicted holding a gold mmoussa from the Catalan Atlas. From the far reaches of the Mediterranean Sea to the Indus Riverthe faithful approached the city of Mecca. All had the same objective to worship kankn at the most sacred shrine of Islamthe Kaaba in Mecca.

Musa I of Mali – Wikipedia

Mansa Musa had prepared carefully for the long journey he and his attendants would take. He was determined to travel not only for his own religious fulfillment, but also for recruiting teachers and leaders, so that his realms could learn more of the Prophet ‘s teachings. Whenever a hero adds to the list of his exploits from conquest, Mansa Musa gives them a pair of wide trousers The greater the number of a Dogari’s exploits, the bigger the size of his trousers. A History of Islamic Societies.

Cambridge University Press,p. The Kamabolon Ceremony in Kangaba Mali “. On pageJan Jansen writes: With VocabulariesLondon,p. Conrad, David 1 January Empires of Medieval West Africa: Ghana, Mali, and Songhay. Retrieved 1 November See also Qalqashandi, Moussw al-A’sha, V Retrieved 27 June Quoting from Al-Umariq. Worlds Together Worlds Apart. In Bakewell, Peter John. Mines of Silver and Gold in the Americas.

Kankah, Ashgate Publishing Limited. Retrieved 17 October From Babylon to Timbuktu: Retrieved 24 October Mansas of the Mali Empire. Mali portal Islam portal Monarchy portal History portal Biography portal.

Mansa Kanku Musa, the richest man of all times

Retrieved from ” https: Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote. This page was last edited on 25 Decemberat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Musa depicted holding a gold coin from the Catalan Atlas. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Musa I of Mali. Mansa of the Mali Empire —